Ash Wednesday Service

Posted: February 10, 2016 in Book and Article Reviews

I. Call to Worship

Tonight is our annual Ash Wednesday service.  Ash Wednesday is the start to the Church season of Lent.  Lent is the forty days, not counting Sundays, between Ash Wednesday and Good Friday.  During Lent, we are invited to share in the 40 years of the Israelites wandering in the wilderness and the forty days in which Jesus was tested and tried in the wilderness. Just as the Israelites were prepared and transformed by God in their time in the wilderness to enter into the Promised Land and as Jesus was prepared and trained up by the Spirit in the wilderness for His ministry on earth, we believe that God will be faithful to work in our lives as we set aside these forty days to intentionally create time and space for Him to work.  In the Lenten season, we voluntarily give up things in our lives through fasting- maybe some of us will give up a certain kind of food or give up an activity to spend time in prayer or fast one day a week- but whatever we choose to give up, we give up in order to intentionally make space and time for the Spirit to fill us again.  We say ‘no’ to the things of this world so that we can say ‘yes’ to the things of God. In our busy lives, we have to be very intentional to create space for God.  Lent is a season which gives us opportunity to intentionally give up things in our lives to create space for God to work.  The idea is that Lent is a time of allowing the Spirit to prepare us for Easter.  Because of this time of examination and repentance and consecration, you and I, together, will be prepared to receive our risen Savior with a new joy on Easter morning because we have come face to face with our mortality and again have seen our deep need for a Savior.

Ash Wednesday is a start to our wilderness journey.  It is a service in which we remember the words of Genesis 3:19, “For you are dust and to dust you shall return.”  We remember that we are mortal- that our lives will one day end in death.  We are formed by dust and to dust one day we will return.  But, in the midst of recognizing our sinfulness and our mortality, we also recognize our deep need for a Savior.  Tonight, if you choose to, we will receive the imposition of ashes.  These ashes come from burning the palm branches from last year’s Palm Sunday service.  The ashes are then mixed with oil, which represents the Holy Spirit.  Thus, we are marked with the sign of the cross with a mixture of ashes and oil- a sign of our mortality and sinfulness mixed with the sign of the Sprit of the Living God.  The symbol of the cross on our foreheads reminds us and all who see it of the words of Gal. 2:20, “I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me.” Lent is a season of again recognizing that apart from the grace of God, we would be hopeless.  We would be heading for death with no hope of life or a future.  But, because of the grace shown to us by God through Christ Jesus our Lord, we are given new life in Him.

May we enter into this season of Lent, expecting God to do great things.  As we humble ourselves through confession and repentance, as we give up things in our lives in order to make space for God to work in and through us, let us give God free reign.  Let us surrender ourselves to the Spirit and the work of grace that the Spirit would like to do in and for us.

II. Response Scripture Reading: Psalm 103:8-18

The Lord is merciful and gracious, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love. He will not always accuse, nor will he keep his anger forever. The Lord remembers we are but dust.

He does not deal with us according to our sins, nor repay us according to our iniquities. For as the heavens are high above the earth, so great is his steadfast love toward those who fear him; The Lord remembers we are but dust.

As far as the east is from the west, so far he removes our transgressions form us. The Lord remembers we are but dust.

As a father has compassion for his children, so the LORD has compassion for those who fear him. For he knows how we were made; he remembers that we are dust. The Lord remembers we are but dust.

As for mortals, their days are like grass; they flourish like a flower of the field; for the wind passes over it, and it is gone, and its place knows it no more. The Lord remembers we are but dust.

But the steadfast love of the LORD is form everlasting to everlasting on those who fear him, and his righteousness to children’s children, to those who keep his covenant and remember to do his commandments. The Lord remembers we are but dust.

III. “Open the Eyes of My Heart”

IV. Response Reading: Psalm 51

Have mercy on me O God in your great kindness; in the fullness of your mercy blot out my offenses. Wash away all my guilt; and cleanse me from my sin.

Create in me a clean heart, O God.

For I acknowledge my faults; and my sin is always before me. Against you only have I sinned and done evil in your sight.

Create in me a clean heart, O God.

Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me. Do not cast me away from your presence; do not take your holy spirit from me.

Create in me a clean heart, O God.

Give me the joy of your help again; and strengthen me with a willing spirit. O Lord open my lips; and my mouth shall proclaim your praise.

Create in me a clean heart, O God.

V. “Change My Heart O God” 

VI. “Give Us Clean Hands”

VII. Romans 12:1-21

VIII. “Heap Coals on Their Head”

Lent is a season of reflecting in a further intentional way on the life of Christ which leads to the Cross.  The cross is symbolic, although not simply that, of the kind of ministry which Jesus embodied while proclaiming the Kingdom of God has begun here and now in him.  The cross is the way of the Kingdom, for it is the way of its King.  As Kingdom citizens, we are called to embody this same cruciform way of living here and now.  We are called to pick up our cross and follow Jesus.  Our baptisms are where we are buried with Christ so that we might also participate in his new-creation-life, which also anticipates Christ’s coming again to fulfill that which he began – “on earth as it is in heaven.”

As such, we are visible, tangible reminders that God’s Kingdom has come.  We are stewards that build for the Kingdom, announcing its inauguration in Jesus, and the Christian hope that it will someday be consummated in his return.  This is why we say: “Christ has died. Christ has risen. Christ will come again!”

Yet, while we wait for Christ’s return, we recognize that there is still work to be done in the Creation and in us.  Although the Kingdom has begun, it is not yet completed work.  So, we long for and anticipate the coming redemption of all things, when Christ will be all in all.  Paul says that the Creation waits for the redemption of humanity.  And, as we wait for our redemption, sometimes we groan in prayer when words fail us.  The Spirit of God takes up our prayer and presents them to God.  We hunger and thirst for God to make right that which is broken and twisted by sin.  We all, including the Creation, groan to be set free from the bonds of sin and death.  Paul’s words picture this anguish perfectly: “Who can rescue me from this body of death” (Rom. 7:24)!?

Lent weighs heavily upon us.  We see the cross in the distance and recognize that the twisted beams of wood which pierce the ground and the rusty nails which pierce Jesus are both driven deep in the flesh and the earth by our own hands.  It is our violence and our demand for justice which finally nail Jesus to that branchless tree.

It is a tree of death upon which we have placed the Author of Life.  It is the tree which is rooted in our anger, bitterness, anxiety, and malice.  Through that tree we pour out all of our contempt upon the Light of the World.  The cross which stands in the distance comes nearer and nearer as we approach Good Friday.  It holds up the mirror before us, asking: “Were you there when they crucified my Lord?”  We can only exclaim, “Yes, it was me.  Yes, it was us.”  We try to avoid the disciplines of Lent because we finally want to avoid seeing our face in the crowd which cried out, “Crucify him!  Crucify him!”  We cannot bear the shame.

Astonishingly, what we intended for evil, God reorients for our good.  This is what Paul is exclaiming when he finishes his thought in Romans 7.  “Who can rescue me from this body of death!?  Thanks be to God – through Christ Jesus our Lord” (Rom. 7:24-25).  God takes an instrument of death and transforms it into a tool for cultivating new life in the Creation and in us.  This is the grand sweep of Romans 8.  Jesus has brought about new creation!  Yes, it is not completed work yet.  But, it’s not just a future event that we are waiting for either.  In fact, Paul calls the Christian community to begin to live into the reality of new creation now – to put our minds on the things of the Spirit and thus to put to death the misdeeds of the body.

We are to “present [our] bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship” (Rom. 12:1).  God’s work through the Spirit will impact what we do with our bodies.  Paul writes, “… if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live. For all who are led by the Spirit of God are children of God.  For you did not receive a spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received a spirit of adoption” Rom. 8:13b-15a).  We are called to no longer live in the deathly ways of this world (12:2a), “but be transformed by the renewing of your minds, so that you may discern what is the will of God – what is good and acceptable and perfect.”  I do not think such transformation is possible without intentional practices that engage both body and spirit in the life of a follower of Jesus.  More specifically, as Paul highlights in the following section (vv. 3-8), it cannot happen outside of the community of faith.  This is not a journey which we can do by ourselves.  God has gifted us the Church for mutual encouragement and accountability.  Christian community and the peculiar practices (i.e., prayer, sacraments, fasting, confession, reading scripture, etc.) of that community have an odd way of “humbling us” and training us to think with “sober judgment.”

Paul reminds this covenant community (the Church) that the very purpose of this community is to serve as a training ground for the Kingdom-already-here-yet-still-to-come.  It is a training ground of love.  Love of God, yes!  Most certainly.  But, equally, love of our fellow people.  In fact, the competition of the world which tries to dominate others is traded in for a new kind of competition.  It is a competition of mutual affection where everyone seeks the benefit of others over their own desires.  It is a “holy zeal and an ardent spirit, serving the Lord” by serving each other (v. 11).  It is this energetic affection for God and for each other which makes things like “Rejoicing in hope, being patient in suffering, and persevering in prayer” possible (v. 12).  We bear the burdens together and we share in each other’s joy.  And, it is a joy that spills over to others.  The needs of the saints are met by one another (v. 13a).  Not only that, but this joy spills outside of the Church as well, by extending hospitality to the stranger (13b).  In other words, the new creation is expanding to receive those parts of the old creation that have yet experienced the new life found in Christ through the Spirit to the glory of the Father.

Of course, Paul isn’t wearing rose-colored glasses.  He recognizes that there are people that are still living by the flesh.  As such, they may very well reject, even in violent ways, the hope offered by the Church.  The Church may experience persecution.  Jesus never denied this possibility.  He said, “The world hated me; it will hate you.”  Don’t be surprised.  The Kingdom of Jesus isn’t always received as good news and is sometimes treated with hostility because it challenges the world’s way of life.  It says that there is a radically different way of doing things like politics, economics, how we treat our environment, how we treat our bodies, how we treat our enemies, how we treat the most vulnerable in society.  Love is the new priority.  And, if our way of life does not reflect the way of the cross, perhaps our minds have yet to be transformed by the Spirit.

Paul outlines how we are called to respond to the abuses which the world may heap upon us.  Before our renewal by the Spirit, we fought fire with fire.  We matched violence with violence.  We responded to hatred and evil with hatred and evil.  But, now, we are to be those who “bless and do not curse” (v. 14).  We are to “Rejoice with those who rejoice, weep with those who weep.  Live in harmony with one another; do not be haughty, but associate with the lowly; do not claim to be wiser than you are.  Do not repay anyone evil for evil, but take thought for what is noble in the sight of all.  If it is possible, so far as it depends on you, live peaceably with all.  Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but leave room for the wrath of God; for it is written, ‘Vengeance is mine, I will repay, says the Lord’” (vv. 15-19).  The way of Jesus; the way of the cross; the way of love.

Just in case we were confused, Paul goes further still.  We must not simply avoid evil.  We must pursue the good of others – even our enemies.  Paul writes, “No, ‘if your enemies are hungry, feed them; if they are thirsty, give them something to drink; for by doing this you will heap burning coals on their heads.’  Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good” (vv. 20-21).  Deep inside of us, we might cheer, “Good!  Serves them right!  My enemies deserve some burning coals on their head!”  But, that interpretation only highlights how much our lives still need to be formed by the Spirit.

The idea Paul is conveying by “heap burning coals on their heads” is rooted in a cultural practice during his day.  They didn’t have instant gas fires or lighters.  Starting a fire was hard work.  Once one was started, it was easier to keep it going than to let it die out and restart it.  If your fire died, it could be a serious problem, especially on cold nights.  If your fire did go out, you might visit a neighbor to get some live coals with which to start your fire back up.  Live coals are hot and heat rises.  So, carrying those coals in a bucket on your head would keep you from getting scorched.  Thus, “heaping burning coals on their heads” was a way of saying that we are called to get their “fires” going by returning evil with good.  Just as Jesus transformed our evil (the cross) into something for our good, we are called to do the same – even for our worst enemies.

Martin Luther King, Jr. said, “Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that.  Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.”  He understood the pain and suffering of being hated.  Yet, the Gospel of Jesus led him to respond with compassion and love for his enemies.  That is Christian hope in action.

May Lent call us to repentance where we have failed to put on the mind of Christ.  May Lent draw us to daily pick up our cross and follow Jesus in the way of love!  Let us move from the ash heap of the old creation people that we have been to those anointed with the oil of the Spirit as new creation people.

IX. Litany of Penitence

We have not loved you with all our heart, and soul, and mind, and strength. We have not loved our neighbors as ourselves. We have not forgiven others as we have been forgiven. Lord have mercy.

We have been deaf to your call to serve. We have been unfaithful, proud, hypocritical. Lord have mercy.

We have been self-centered, and have taken advantage of others. Lord have mercy.

We have been envious of those more fortunate than ourselves. Lord have mercy.

We have loved worldly goods and comforts too much. We have been dishonest in daily life and work. Lord have mercy. 

We have neglected prayer and worship, and have failed to commend the faith that is in us. Lord have mercy.

We have been blind to human need and suffering, and indifferent to injustice and cruelty. Lord have mercy.

We have thought uncharitably about others, and we have been prejudiced towards those who differ from us. Lord have mercy.

We have wasted and polluted your creation, and lacked concern for those who come after us. Lord have mercy.

Merciful God, we have sinned in what we have thought and said, in the wrong we have done and in the good we have not done. We have sinned in ignorance; we have sinned in weakness; we have sinned through our own deliberate fault. We are truly sorry. We repent and turn to you. Forgive us, for our Savior Christ’s sake, and renew our lives to the glory of your name. Amen.

X. “Lord Have Mercy”

XI. Prayer and Silent Reflection

XII. Imposition of Ashes

“Dust you are and to dust you shall return. Turn now from your sins and cling to the cross of Christ.”

Pray: “Grant, (Name/Us/Me), true repentance and consecration, the blessing of your Holy Spirit abiding within, and the holiness without which no person will see the Lord. Make these days of Lenten journey ones of spiritual renewal and deepening, so the (Name/Us/Me) may celebrate the newness of Easter.”

XIII. Sending

O God, Maker of every thing and judge of all that you have made,

From the dust of the earth You have formed us

And from the dust of death you would raise us up.

By the redemptive power of the cross,

Create in us clean hearts

And put within us a new spirit,

That we may repent of our sins

And lead lives worthy of your calling;

Through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

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